Indigo Disobedience 1859-60
The Indigo Disobedience (Neel Vidroh) occurred in Bengal in 1859-60 as well as was a rebellion by the farmers versus British planters that had actually required them to expand indigo under terms that were considered damaging to the farmers.
Root Causes Of the Indigo Rebellion/Revolt
Indigo growing began in Bengal in 1777. The growers were required to expand indigo instead of food plants. Indigo remained in high need worldwide. Sell indigo was financially rewarding as a result of the need for blue color in Europe.
European planters delighted in a syndicate over indigo as well as they required Indian farmers to expand indigo by authorizing deceitful handle them. They were innovative lendings for this objective. When the farmers took lendings, they might never ever settle it as a result of the high-interest rates.
The tax obligation prices were additionally outrageous. The farmers were extremely suppressed if they might not pay the rental fee or rejected to do as asked by the planters. They were required to market indigo at non-profitable prices so regarding optimize the European planters’ revenues.
If a farmer rejected to expand indigo as well as grown paddy rather, the planters turned to unlawful methods to obtain the farmer to expand indigo such as robbery as well as burning plants, kidnapping the farmer’s member of the family, and so on.
The federal government constantly sustained the planters that delighted in several advantages as well as judicial resistances.
The indigo farmers rebelled in the Nadia area of Bengal by declining to expand indigo. They struck the police officers that interfered. The planters, in feedback to this, raised the rental fees as well as forced out the farmers which caused even more frustrations. In April 1860, all the farmers in the Barasat department of the areas Nadia as well as Pabna took place a strike as well as rejected to expand indigo. The strike infects various other components of Bengal.
The farmers were led by the Biswas siblings of Nadia, Rafiq Mondal of Malda as well as Kader Molla of Pabna. The rebellion additionally got assistance from several zamindars especially Ramrattan Mullick of Narail. The rebellion was reduced as well as several farmers were butchered by the federal government as well as a few of the zamindars.
The rebellion was backed by the Bengali intelligentsia, Muslims as well as promoters. The entire country populace sustained the rebellion. Journalism additionally sustained the rebellion as well as played its component in depicting the circumstances of the farmers as well as defending their reason.
The play Nil Darpan ( The Mirror of Indigo) by Dinabandhu Mitra composed in 1858– 59 depicted the farmers’ scenario precisely. It demonstrated how farmers were persuaded right into growing indigo without ample settlement. The play ended up being a chatting factor as well as it prompted the Bengali intelligentsia to back up to the indigo rebellion. Reverend James Long converted the play right into English on the authority of the Assistant to the Guv of Bengal, W S Seton-Karr.
The planters that were dealt with as bad guys in the play took legal action against Rev. Wish for libel. Rev. Long was obviously guilty as well as needed to pay Rs.1000 as settlement as well as offer a month behind bars.
Analysis of the Indigo Disobedience
The rebellion was mainly non-violent as well as it functioned as a forerunner to Gandhiji’s non-violent satyagraha in later years. The rebellion was not a spontaneous one. It was accumulated over years of injustice as well as the suffering of the farmers through the planters as well as the federal government.
Hindus, as well as Muslims, signed up with hands versus their oppressors in this disobedience. It additionally saw the collaborating of several zamindars with the ryots or farmers. The rebellion was a success regardless of its harsh quelling by the federal government.
In feedback to the rebellion, the federal government assigned the Indigo Payment in 1860. In the record, a declaration checked out, ‘not abreast of Indigo got to England without being discolored with human blood.’ An alert was additionally provided which mentioned that farmers might not be required to expand indigo.
By the end of 1860, indigo growing was essentially gotten rid of from Bengal given that the planters shut their manufacturing facilities as well as left completely.
The rebellion was made exceptionally prominent by its representation in the play Nil Darpan as well as additionally in several various other jobs of prose as well as verse. This caused the rebellion to take the spotlight in the political awareness of Bengal as well as influenced several later activities in Bengal.